Vitis vinifera is the most important domesticated grapevine and one of the oldest of all cultivated plants. Vitis species that are grown in some areas or have been hybridized with V. vinifera. The grapevine is a woody, climbing and tendril-bearing vine with large palmate leaves. It has small flowers and produces large clusters of berry fruits. Originated in Western Asia, the cultivation of grapevines was spread all over Europe by the Roman civilization and now is found in all temperate regions of the world.
This species is grown to produce all wine, raisins, and table grapes.