Pome from the Latin pomum (fruit) means ‘apple’ in many Romance languages. The fruits are the result of the enlargement of the floral cover around the pollinized flowers. Pears, quinces, loquats and other crops are also pome fruits. Pome fruits are grown in temperate regions worldwide. Apples are among the top-five most produced and consumed fruits globally. In modern agriculture there are more than 7,500 apple cultivars recorded.